When one treats people with benevolence, justice, and righteousness, and reposes confidence in them, the army will be united in mind and all will be happy to serve their leaders. ― Sun Tzu
To win a war in any form of battle, you must utilize strategy, tactictics to subdue the enemy. Be prepared to be surprised and plan to surprise your enemy correspondingly. The enemy uses propaganda as a tool, trying to dominate the psyche of the populace as has been experienced with the decade old insurgency, hoping to divide Nigerians but failing to understand our nation is more connected than ever.
Nigeria Security Services has been confronting with the utmost zeal and patriotism, the most visible security challenge in recent memory. They at war with the two United States – designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) – Boko Haram and an Islamic State – affiliated splinter group, the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) – which have killed thousands of innocent Nigerians alongside military personnel over the past decade, displaced millions, and caused a protracted humanitarian crisis. Michael N. Castle aptly captured the essence of the supreme price made by the servicemen when he opined that “These fallen heroes represent the character of a nation who has a long history of patriotism and honor”.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF A LONG WAR
However, the Nigerian Armed Forces has been heroic in prosecuting the counterinsurgency in the North-East, unprecedented warfare since the end of the civil war. This asymmetrical conflict has escalated into a huge terrorist activity with an international dimension, regardless of its external affiliations – the Nigerian Security Services are frontally cracking this difficult nut strategically with some setbacks which are inevitable in wars. As of late 2019, the U.S Department of Defense (DOD) estimated ISWAP to have roughly 3,500 members, and Boko Haram 1,500. According to the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), over 4,000 Boko Haram fighters have deserted the extremist group, a vast depletion of their rank and file.
Admittedly, to defeat the bad guys, you must first bring their morale down. Those who follow will start suspecting their leader’s abilities and gradually withdraw their support with a firm belief that they will be defeated. Nobody wants to fight a losing battle – the enemies’ camp would be demoralized.
It is pertinent to state unequivocally that – this insurgency is not the first major terror attack Nigeria has faced, even though the deadliest. There has been an avalanche of sects. Amongst there were: the Maitatsine Islamic fundamentalist sect, Odua People’s Congress, (OPC), Movement for the Actualization of Sovereign State of Biafra, (MASSOB) Niger Delta militants which were all subdued by the Security Services, state control is been reestablished in contested areas. Lately the separatist Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) joined the cocktail of internal security challenges.
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, (SIPRI) 2020 military expenditure data noted that Nigeria’s military expenditure rose by 29 percent translating to N198.84 billion since 2019.
Besides, with the appointment of new Service Chiefs who are very conversant with the theatre of operations and their philosophy of a profound synergy in the joint operations to decimate these agents of destruction. Evident in the renaming of the counterinsurgency operation in the Northeast from Operation Lafiya Dole to Operation Hadin Kai (OPHK) as announced by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), Lt General Ibrahim Attahiru. The sync between the ground offensive and sustained aerial charge headlong at the enemy is estimable.
The fulcrum of the presidential directive to crush the insurgency, as stated by Air Marshal IO Amao, the Chief of Air Staff, “Mr.President had given the Chief of Defence Staff, along with the service chiefs, the onerous task of bringing the war against insurgency to a decisive end in order to restore normalcy to all trouble parts of the country”. Inclusive governance is being implemented as both kinetic and non-kinetic approaches are needed in this war. The Armed Forces have launched a series of well-planned offensives that will surely become one of the decisive events of the war, in this battle, OWN troops possess the numerically and superior advantage, well trained personnel and the desired equipment in this battle.
Governor of Borno state, Professor Babagana Zulum, partnering with the Federal Government is ensuring dividends of democracy are being reflected to prevent the recruitment drive of the insurgents, resettling Internally Displaced Persons, (IDPs) while the Intelligence Community are downgrading their support network, stifling their logistics bases, cutting their finances, armory, IEDs making capability and capturing their drug pushers.
Collaborating with neighbouring countries under the auspices of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) to deny them territory from which they launch attacks. In addition to operational intelligence gleaned from the fusion unit with strategic partners, which comprises the United States, United Kingdom and France.
TRACKING TERRORISM FINANCING AND INTELLIGENCE OPERATION
Effective intelligence and counterintelligence gathering mechanisms embedded to track the illicit flow of cash for terror-related operations in Nigeria has proved to be a game-changer, in stifling the capacity of Boko Haram and their collaborators to raise funds.
The culmination of painstaking analysis through highly advanced intelligence operations led by a multi agency collaboration, coordinated by the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA), the Department of State Services (DSS), Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit (NIFU), and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) led a countrywide clampdown on suspicious funders of Boko Haram and other dangerous groups.
To begin with, the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA), between 2015 and 2016 disclosed that the sum of $782,000 was transferred from Dubai to Nigeria through wire transfers from Bureau De Change (BDCs) operators, to aid the discrete but well funded operations of Boko Haram Terrorists. Six Nigerians have been convicted in relations to this. It was reported that an inceptive list of 957 suspects made up of BDCs operators, businessmen, and gold miners were promptly investigated while 400 persons have been detained, N300 billion was found to have been injected to funding of instability, 331 corporate and individual bank accounts have been frozen over allegations of distrustful transactions. These moves have degraded their ability to raise money and attract new recruits. The dragnet of the IC is unmasking the syndicates network.
Akanji is a conflict and foreign policy analyst he writes from Abuja